Phobic Disorder Treatment and Management

Phobia disorder is a type of anxiety disorders that apparently involves phobias. A phobia is an irrational fear that makes a person avoids certain situation, subject or object that he fears the most. An excessive reaction is usually evident, and the person’s feelings are profoundly affected like that of increased anxiety level. Phobia disorder is subdivided into three types, namely simple or specific phobias, social phobia, which is also known as social anxiety, and agoraphobia. Social anxiety disorder is considered to be a distinct type of phobia which is known to be the fear of being embarrassed when in front of other people or when in social situations. Social phobia involves the person’s fear of being embarrassed, judged, and humiliated.

Common fears associated with social phobia include being called in class, taking exams, talking to strangers, eating or drinking in public, and mingling at parties, among many others. The next type is specific phobia, which is the most common type. One of the most common examples of specific phobias and fears include animal type phobias, which include fear of dogs, cats, rodents, and spiders, among others. Another kind of specific phobia is the natural environment type, which may include fear of heights, storms, water and the dark. Blood injection or injury type is another specific phobia, which may include blood, injury, and medical procedures. Last specific phobia is situational type of phobia, which involves enclosed spaces, flying, driving, bridges and tunnels. The last type of phobia is known as Agoraphobia,which is the fear of open spaces. It’s known that this type is the complication of panic attacks where the patient has an intense fear of open spaces and public places.

Even though phobias are said to be common, they can make a person’s life full of distress and anxiety. The impact of phobias to patients must be given attention to. One way of preventing panic attacks is through the avoidance of the stimulus that may trigger the fear, be it objects, activities or situations. The considerable treatments that will help the patient who are experiencing phobias include recognizing the fear. Then you can work on disabling the cause of fear, panic and anxiety. You must avoid situations and places that may trigger the fear.

If you are ready to recover from the pains of phobia, you can start by facing the fear one step at a time. While at it, you can learn relaxation techniques or you can challenge negative thoughts. Pharmacotherapy also plays an crucial role in the treatment of phobic disorder. The common type of drugs that are given to patients with the said disorder include selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), monoamine oxidized inhibitors (MAOIs) and benzodiazepines.

The management of phobic disorders must consider combining self-help treatments, psychotherapy and medications in order to make evident progress from the said disorder. As soon as possible, book an appointment with your doctor if your fears get overwhelming that you’re not able to go about your daily life efficiently. You’ll know your way from there. He or she may refer you to a mental health specialist, who will then order you to undergo certaintests for anxiety, and then work with you in your recovery from the anxiety of phobia disorder.

About the Author:

Ryan Rivera writes about stress and anxiety. You may reach him through his Twitter or Facebook account.